Negligence is defined as the carelessness of another to act within the recognized standards of behavior established by law. In layman's terms, negligence is when someone else fails to act responsibly and causes you harm by their actions. In Virginia, you must prove the negligence of another was entirely responsible for an accident when you file a Virginia personal injury claim.
The state of Virginia is a contributory negligence state, meaning you must show that you in no way contributed to your injuries and accident to file a Virginia personal injury claim. Negligence can take many forms, but the bottom line is that the negligence of the other party must be the sole cause of the accident and your injuries.
A Virginia personal injury claim can arise from many types of accidents that involve negligence. The most common is a car accident, where the negligence of the other driver causes you harm. This can result from a driver's failure to obey traffic laws by running a red light or by driving under the influence.
A Virginia personal injury claim can also result from acts of negligence such as safety violations. Stores that do not properly keep their floors clean from hazards or construction sites that fail to follow Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards for worksite safety can all result in accidents and injury that require a Virginia personal injury claim.